Ligamentous injuries to the midfoot during athletic endeavors are becoming more common and more troublesome as they can take significant time before the athlete is able to return to play. Late changes in alignment or post-traumatic arthritis are complications of inadequate treatment. The mechanism of injury is either direct impact to the dorsal midfoot or [...]
The relatively young sport of snowboarding exhibits high injury rates. The current efforts to characterise the injury pattern of snowboarders focus largely on the general snowboard population and upper extremity injuries, the most common injury site in snowboarders as a whole. Snowboarding continues to evolve as a sport. This includes a steady progression in the degree [...]
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the locations of the syndesmotic ligaments and the tibiofibular articulating cartilage surfaces on standard radiographic views using reproducible radiographic landmarks and reference axes. Quantitative radiographic guidelines describing the locations of the primary syndesmotic structures demonstrated excellent reliability and reproducibility. Defined guidelines provide additional clinically relevant information regarding [...]
An increase in the number of traumatic injuries to the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe, also known as turf toe, has been due to rise in participation on artificial playing surfaces and the use of more flexible shoewear. This study reviews the relevant anatomy, biomechanics, mechanism of injury, clinical assessment and treatment.
An extension sprain to the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, commonly called "turf toe" has seen great notoriety since the 1980's. This study breaks down the historical perspective, epidemiology, anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment.
Lisfranc injuries in athletes can be difficult to treat. Proper treatment requires careful examination and use of imaging studies. This study analyzes the various treatment options along with proper management of Lisfranc injuries to ensure a successful recovery.
An anterior midtibial stress fracture is an uncommon and difficult injury to treat. When a transverse radiolucent line is visible in the anterior tibial cortex, sometimes referred to as the "dreaded black line", a more aggressive treatment option is recommended in this study.
Syndesmotic ankle sprains are very common among athletes and represent a significant source of persistent pain and disability. This study discusses the anatomy, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, and treatment of syndesmosis sprains of the ankle while identifying controversies in management and topics for future research.
Syndesmosis injuries are among the most difficult foot and ankle injuries to treat. An injury to the syndesmosis can include a wide spectrum of injury. This study breaks down the anatomy, biomechanics, diagnosis, and treatment of a syndesmosis injuries.
There is little literature on the reconstruction of subtalar instability. This study describes, in detail, three commonly used reconstruction techniques for subtalar instability.