An increase in the number of traumatic injuries to the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe, also known as turf toe, has been due to rise in participation on artificial playing surfaces and the use of more flexible shoewear. This study reviews the relevant anatomy, biomechanics, mechanism of injury, clinical assessment and treatment.
An extension sprain to the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, commonly called "turf toe" has seen great notoriety since the 1980's. This study breaks down the historical perspective, epidemiology, anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment.
This retrospective study analyzed patients improvement of pain and function who underwent simultaneous tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with eevere disease involving the ankle and subtalar joints.
Syndesmotic ankle sprains are very common among athletes and represent a significant source of persistent pain and disability. This study discusses the anatomy, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, and treatment of syndesmosis sprains of the ankle while identifying controversies in management and topics for future research.
Syndesmosis injuries are among the most difficult foot and ankle injuries to treat. An injury to the syndesmosis can include a wide spectrum of injury. This study breaks down the anatomy, biomechanics, diagnosis, and treatment of a syndesmosis injuries.
The subtalar joint has had considerable attention as an area of injury and pathology. This study reviews the anatomy, biomechanics, and diagnostic techniques used for a the subtalar joint, in addition to some specific diagnoses.
This study examined 26 athletes that had continued pain after strenuous exercise. The study found that 15 patients had stress fractures, all of whom had positive roentgenographic studies.
There is little literature on the reconstruction of subtalar instability. This study describes, in detail, three commonly used reconstruction techniques for subtalar instability.
This article gives treating physicians a general overview of the more common foot and ankle injuries seen in athletes. This article breaks down the potentially debilitating injuries that can be present in common sprains and strains.
Unlike the Achilles tendon, it is uncommon for the posterior tibial tendon to not undergo acute rupture. This case study reports two patients who had operative treatment of a posterior tibial tendon tear. The study describes the surgical exploration and treatment of posterior tibial tendon injuries among the athletic community.